About Uganda

Quick Facts

  • The country of Uganda is similar to the size of the state of Oregon
  • Half of the population is under the age of 15 years old
  • There are millions of orphans in Uganda due to civil war, malnutrition and disease
  • Uganda is located on the Equator
  • Lake Victoria borders Uganda in the south and is one of the largest lakes in the world
  • The Source of the Nile River is found in Uganda


History and Background

Uganda is a land-locked country located on the equator in East Africa.  It borders Lake Victoria, the largest freshwater lake in the world.  It is a beautiful country which includes urban areas, rural villages, and protected national parks where one can find many wild animals, including elephants, giraffes, and mountain gorillas. The United Kingdom ruled Uganda from 1894 to 1962, when the country gained its independence.

Football (soccer) is the national sport in Uganda.  Playing football is very popular, as is cheering on the national football team, the Ugandan Cranes.

Education is largely based on repetition and memorization.  School fees must be paid in order to attend school, and students must pass exams in order to progress to the next grade.

Uganda remains one of the world’s poorest countries, with approximately one-third of the population living below the poverty line and a per capita income of approximately $250 per year.  This is an average of 68 cents per day, per person.

Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world.  The country’s current population of 31,367,972 is projected to explode to 130,000,000 by 2050, nearly a five-fold increase.  Women in Uganda have an average of 6.81 children.

HIV prevalence in Uganda is 4.1% with approximately 940,000 people living with HIV and 1.2 million children having been orphaned by AIDS.  As a consequence, the life expectancy in Uganda is just 52 years old.  Other life threatening diseases are prevalent in Uganda as well.  For example, in 2006 there are estimated to have been 10.6 million cases of malaria.  Deaths among young adults leave behind millions of orphaned children, placing a burden on the community and the country.  In 2005 UNICEF calculated there were over 2.3 million known orphans in Uganda.  It is believed that there are currently over 3 million orphans.